- New website
- Ean news
- Issue: Political
participation by emigrants
- Members' Query: Remigration options
- Research: Children and return migration
- On our website
to the new EAN Newsletter
Welcome to the first edition of Ean's new newsletter. We'll be
out this email bulletin every month to keep you informed about issues
affecting the Irish abroad as well as those intending to emigrate or to
Your suggestions are welcome! If you'd like to share any
aspect of your work, or would like to alert those working with
emigrants about any issue that may affect them, or just have thoughts
you'd like to express, let me know at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Thanks! Your feedback will help our newsletter to grow and
develop. - Noreen Bowden
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We've launched our new website! Visit it at www.ean.ie.
The new website includes information on Ean's projects and activities,
as well as a "Newswatch" section that highlights items of
emigrant-related interest that appears in the media. Have something you
want to share? We welcome your news about your events and publications,
or anything you'd like to share with Ean members. Drop a line to email@example.com.
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As well as updating our website, we've been working on a few
exciting projects here at Ean. We're working on a pilot project
involving bringing elderly emigrants over from Britain for assisted
holidays. The project's aim is to produce a manual of best practice
aimed at helping local communities start up assisted holidays in their
area. Assisted holidays, of course, were an idea highlighted in the
2002 Task Force Report on Emigration.
We're also working on a curriculum project to introduce
transition year students to emigration and the Irish diaspora. We'll
share more information about both these projects in upcoming issues.
Watch out for next month - we'll be giving you the details of
survey we'll be conducting to find out more about our members. We'll be
looking for information on the services you provide, or what your
interests are, and how Ean can assist you in your work. We'll use this
help set our priorities for the future!
Have you renewed your membership for this year?
You can fill out the form online and send us your dues by post - see our website to renew your
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political participation by emigrants
With the elections for both the Dail and Seanad dominating the
news this summer, there have been a few commentators who noted that
get to share in the voting process. With the exception of those
university graduates who are entitled to vote in Seanad elections for
their representatives, as well as those in military or diplomatic
service, Irish people living abroad cannot vote. There are many other
however, that allow their emigrants to vote.
In fact, there are nearly 100 countries that allow their
emigrants to vote. These include
- 21 African nations
- 13 North and South American
- 15 Asian countries
- 6 Pacific countries
- 36 European countries.
Sixty-five of these countries allow
for external voting for
everyone, while about 25 place restrictions on it, based on such
factors as to whether they intend to return permanently or how long
they have been away. Citizens in the US can vote no matter how long
they stay away, while citizens of Britain are disqualified after
fifteen years away.
Some countries, like France, reserve seats in their parliaments for
citizens who live abroad, while others vote in the constituency in
which they used to live. Other countries only allow for votes in
national or presidential elections.
Some countries require their emigrants to return home to cast ballots,
while others send out postal ballots, and others organise for citizens
to vote in person at consulates or embassies.
Some of the countries that allow their citizens abroad to vote
Italy, France, Australia, New Zealand, the US, Britain, the Philippines
and Mexico. Countries that, like Ireland, do not allow their emigrants
to vote include India, Hungary, South Africa, Zimbabwe, El Salvador and
Some people object to emigrant
voting because they fear that
live in Ireland would be outnumbered by the number of people who would
be eligible to vote from abroad. Sometimes people suggest that everyone
who is eligible for Irish citizenship might be eligible to vote from
abroad - but most proposals around emigrant voting are limited to only
Irish-born people living abroad. There are just over 1 million of
them, but international experience would suggest that only a small
proportion of those would be interested in voting.
In any case, there is an increasing
trend for countries to
emigrants to vote, as international travel increases and it becomes
easier to keep up with the news and maintain closer ties with home
through the internet. Ireland is becoming more unusual in its stance on
Do you have strong feelings on this
issue, either way? Let us
drop a line to Noreen@emigrantnetwork.ie.
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Members' Query: Re-migration
Following the disappointment concerning this year's attempts
at immigration reform in the US, we have heard some suggestions that
some undocumented Irish there who would prefer to explore options that
would allow them to re-migrate to countries other than Ireland.
Later in the year, Emigrant Advice in Dublin will be coming
out with their updated series of books covering migration to Australia,
Canada and Britain as well as the US. This will no doubt be an
extremely useful resource - In the meantime, however, here is a quick
rundown of options for those interested in migrating to Australia,
Canada and New Zealand. This information appeared in the current
edition of the Irish Apostolate USA's newsletter.
Australia is actively encouraging migration and has a variety of
options for those interested in emigrating. The country is experiencing
a particularly acute shortage of tradespeople, but is also recruiting
internationally for a vast range of occupations, including accountants,
medical and IT professionals, cooks and hairdressers.
General skilled migration visa
- This is an option for those between 18
and 45, who have skills for occupations needed in Australia.. There are
substantial fees involved and applicants must have their skills
assessed before applying for the visa. The programme covers a wide
range of skills. These visa applications can take as long as a year.
- These visas are for skilled people to be
employed on a temporary or permanent basis. The visa applicant must
have found an employer willing to sponsor his or her application.
Working holiday visa -
this is an option for those aged 18 to 30, and
offers a working holiday for a period of up to 12 months. (Working as a
seasonal worker in regional Australia will allow the participant
eligibility for a second year). The primary purpose of the visa,
according to the Australian government, is to supplement the cost of
the holiday through incidental employment; those whose primary purpose
in going to Australia is to participate in the work force should
consider one of the other types of visas.
The Australian government has set up a very comprehensive website at with more information.
Like Australia, Canada offers both a path to permanent residency for
skilled workers (which operates through points system evaluating a
number of criteria), and a one-year programme that young people may
Canada allows skilled workers to move to Canada and become permanent
residents. There are six selection factors:
* ability in England and/or French,
* arranged employment in Canada and
A married or common-law partner can apply on behalf of both partners;
the partner likely to receive fewer points on the assessment scale can
be considered as a dependent in the application.
An applicant will need to have proof of sufficient funds to support
him- or herself and any dependents, or proof of arranged employment.
The official Citizenship and Immigration Canada website is at www.cic.gc.ca.
Work and Travel Programme
There is an agreement between Ireland and Canada allowing for Irish
residents under 35 to work in Canada for a year. The programme is run
by USIT. Please note that only Irish citizens who are resident in
Ireland when they apply are eligible for this programme. It takes six
weeks to process the application, and the programme costs 379 euro.
visa is not renewable.
has more information on their website.
New Zealand also has a Skilled Migrant Category for those aged from 20
to 55. Partners and children can be included in the application
process. The process appears somewhat complicated and begins with
filling out an 'Expression of Interest' form, which is then
and assigned a point score; those with high enough scores and those
with certain qualifying factors are invited to apply to a residence
New Zealand has a skill shortage and has a strong demand for skilled
people in fields including:
* Health and medical groups
* Information and communications technology
* Agriculture and farming
Visit the New Zealand
for more information.
Working holiday visa
New Zealand has a working holiday visa for people from 18-30;
scheme, which runs from 1 July every year, has a limit of 2,800 places
annually. The programme requires at least $4,200 in New Zealand
funds to meet living costs.
New Zealand government offers more information at their website.
Another good online resource for those interested in moving to New
Zealand is The New Zealand Immigration Guide at
http://www.emigratenz.org. This is an independent site covering
aspects of the immigrant experience in New Zealand; it carries many
stories from individual immigrants describing their experiences, as
well as practical information on the cost of living, salaries, housing
Do you have a question you've been wondering about? Drop a
line to Noreen@emigrantnetwork.ie,
and I'll do my best to answer it and share
the information with our members.
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There are several upcoming academic conferences coming up that will
touch on the experience of Irish emigrants:
'The New Irish': Dundalk IT, 27-28 September 2007 - The
focus on questions about the Irish diaspora, immigration, young people,
and globalisation following Ireland's change from a nation plagued by
poverty and emigration to a booming, self-confident nation of
British Association for Irish Studies conference will be held
14-16 September 2007 at the University of Liverpool. Returning Irish
migrants will be the
focus of a panel at this conference, titled "New Irelands".
See more on these and other upcoming conferences in our website's Events section.
Have an event you'd like to publicise to our members? Drop a
line to firstname.lastname@example.org
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Children and 'return' migration
Ean member Dr. Caitriona Ni Laoire, who has completed a research
project on returning Irish migrants, is now looking into the issue of
the children of returning emigrants. She has issued this summary of her
Marie Curie Migrant Children
Children and "Return" Migration:
Children's and young people's
experiences of moving to Ireland with their return migrant
Dr. Caitriona Ni Laoire
Dept. of Geography, University College Cork
This research is funded by the
EU Commission through a Marie Curie Excellence Grant.
Returning Irish migrants are a numerically important and often
overlooked in-migrant group in contemporary Ireland. A significant
number of the 1980s generation of emigrants have been returning to
Ireland in recent years, many of them with children who were born
elsewhere, reflecting a strong desire among return migrants to bring up
their children in Ireland. These children and young people are a
particularly under-researched group, a generation who have been born in
England, the US or elsewhere, into an Irish migrant family, and have
"returned" to live in Ireland in recent years with their parents. The
notion of "coming home" for them raises many issues of identity and
belonging. On the one hand, they are likely to share similar
experiences with other migrant children, associated with moving from a
familiar to an unfamiliar place, and with possible experiences of
dislocation, loss and exclusion. On the other hand, their familial ties
and support structures in Ireland, and their pre-migration knowledge of
Ireland, are likely to be stronger or more complex than they are for
other immigrant children.
This new research aims to contribute to understandings of the
experiences of children and young people who move to Ireland with their
return migrant parent(s) and, in this, to prioritise the voices of the
The research explores:
- the migration experiences, everyday lives and
social worlds of children and young people who move to Ireland with
their return migrant parent(s)
- family, kin and intergenerational relations in the
context of return migration
- negotiation of identities among children of return
The methodology draws on recent developments in children's geographies
and new social studies of childhood. It is guided by the principle of
children's and young people's agency and subjectivity, as well as the
"children in families" approach. The approach will be primarily
qualitative, incorporating participatory and child-centered techniques,
together with some background analysis of Census 2006 data.
The research involves undertaking participative activities with
children and interviews with parents. These usually take place over the
course of two to three visits to participants' homes. The activities
with the children are adapted to their ages, and include activities
such as artwork, 'play and talk', photography, discussion and diaries.
Interviews are also conducted with adults who themselves moved to
Ireland with return migrant parents when they were younger.
If you would like to get involved in any way, or would like some more
information, do not hesitate to get in touch with Dr. Caitriona Ni
Laoire by post, email or phone.
a: Marie Curie Migrant Children Project, Department of Geography, 6
Bloomfield Terrace, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Would you like to publicise your research to our
line to email@example.com
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Stay on top of emigrant-related news and media in
through our Newswatch section
on our website. Through this blog-style feature we'll
track media articles related to emigrants, with brief posts and links
to additional information.
Here are links to a few of the latest articles:
Prisoners Abroad" published by DFA
Lingus' Shannon shift means end to repatriation
go west as traditional spots lose pull
loses emigrant advocate
highlights Irish contribution to US slang
Arc to encourage research cooperation
drama takes Irish award
Cork miner honoured by Cowgirl Hall of Fame
section is updated several times a week.
free to send on suggestions!
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